What’s the hardest part of the human body? Thinking teeth? You’re almost correct. More specifically, tooth enamel. When we speak of tooth health, the enamel is essential to consider.
The enamel is the tooth’s outermost layer. This hard casing’s main purpose is to protect the tooth. Like bones, the enamel is mostly made of phosphate and calcium. However, it is stronger than bone. It also has special proteins and crystallites.
Enamel Can Crack and Chip
Not only can enamel crack or chip, but it also isn’t safe from decay. Like those found in candy and soda, acids and sugars interact with bacteria in the oral cavity. They join forces to attack the enamel. This is how tooth decay begins. Soda is really damaging if you drink it slowly all day long or fast, but very often.
Our Teeth are Unique
Just like fingerprints, our teeth are unique. Even identical twins have different teeth. Our tongues are unique as well.
Unlike dentin, enamel doesn’t grow. Dentin is also harder than bone. The layer under the enamel comprises small channels and passages that transmit nutrients and nerve signals through the teeth. We have primary, secondary, and reparative dentin. Dentin changes throughout our lives, but enamel does not.
There Are About 250 Types of Bacteria in Your Mouth
The plaque on your teeth, a thin white film, contains millions of bacteria. More specifically, there are anywhere from 200 to 300 different strains. Most of these converts sugar and other carbohydrates into acid, which inflicts lots of damage.
The cornerstone of any positive oral hygiene routine is brushing your teeth. Use a soft-bristled brush to keep your teeth and gums healthy. The shape and size of your brush should let you reach all areas of your mouth easily. Buy a new toothbrush every three or four months. It is worn if the bristles are frayed and will not clean your teeth well.
Try to use only ADA-approved toothpaste. Manual toothbrushes are just as good as electric ones. It doesn’t matter what you choose; just make sure to brush every day, twice a day.
Flossing and Tooth Health
Flossing and brushing go hand in hand. Why floss once a day? It helps get rid of plaque in otherwise unreachable areas. You can floss using dental floss, water flossers, or wooden plaque removers. You can also use pre-threaded flossers. These are small brushes that go in between the teeth and clean these hard-to-access spaces.
Eventually, plaque that you haven’t removed by flossing or brushing becomes tartar or calculus. Only pro cleaning can get rid of tartar. Nothing else, and only dentists provide this.
The toothpaste you choose should contain fluoride. You may think flavoring or whitening is more important, but they aren’t. Keep this in mind.
It is a good idea to visit your friendly local dentist every six months. This can help prevent several health issues that affect your overall well-being. It will let you detect and treat oral health problems. One common issue that goes unnoticed in the early stages is gum disease. Experts believe it affects three-quarters of Americans over the age of 35. It is a progressive condition that leads to deterioration with time. It is easy to treat if you detect it early, which usually happens during a routine exam. Poor tooth health and gum disease can cause stroke, premature birth, breathing problems, and heart disease, among other issues – at least if it’s left untreated for a significant amount of time.